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Against EU Copyright Directive Article 13

Description

While reading wikipedia these days, there is a new banner calling for against the new "Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market" (which will be voted on 5 July) / "EU Copyright directive" / "file 2016/0280(COD)".

The three buttons link to the following pages respectively:

A brief reading shows that many organizations/foundations (e.g. EFF, Creative Commons, Wikimedia Foundation) oppose to this directive.

The context of this directive can be found at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52016PC0593

The main against of this directive is Article 11 and Article 13, especially Article 13.

My words

I should say I agree with many of the disputes that Article 13 should be reformed before applied (explanation at the end). One most probable consequence is that MEMEs will become unavailable. (And this will be one more of the stupid things people have done in recent years, just to satisfy the stale copyright laws.)

I don't know what really works, but I found three sites describing some ways:

Explanation

The texts in the given link differs some bit between what's described in that wikipedia article. I presume this because of the different versions of the document.

Article 13 grants the censoring and blocking ability and obligation to "Information society service providers" (mostly social networking websites, including both commercial ones, e.g. twitter, facebook, and non-commercial ones, e.g. GNUSocial instances, if I understand correctly). This ability suggests them to use "effective content recognition technologies" to "prevent the availability on their services of works or other subject-matter identified by rightholders (through the cooperation with the service providers)".

Although this ability and obligation is supposed to be "appropriate and proportionate", but at least I don't believe commercial bodies (i.e. companies) will do this "appropriately" in a minimal effort way. They will overactive, both for their "compliance with the law" and for their profit purpose. Some companies in China have already demonstrated this, and I guess there are also some examples in Europe and America.

The piece of text says "identified by rightholders", but in reality "rightholders" in many cases are not a single human but a company. We have heard many stories how companies over-use their copyright to prevent what we as humans see as normal behaviours (let alone I don't totally agree with the copyright [law] nowadays because I think they are developed for paper-publishing era not digital era).

The "Information society service providers" are, most of the time, companies; companies are for profit. Therefore, the nature of capital makes them not sympathetic, and blocking the Internet doesn't really affect their profit (because "everyone" does this, leaving us no choice). https://twitter.com/EvenDragsnes/status/1014394747706925056 is definitely not a future I want.

(Terrorism and some other things shall be dealt with, but this directive has nothing to do with that.)

AI在做什麼?我們應該在乎什麼、擔心什麼?

過年自己給自己稍微放鬆幾天,於是有點閒暇時間;加上前兩天聽了兩場報告,分別是《Steps Toward Robust Artificial Intelligence》和《Machine Learning and AI for the Sciences - Towards Understanding》,對AI發展有一點新認識。故而覺得有必要給自己之前的知識做個總結,順便供對AI有興趣但並無太多瞭解的人對現今的AI技術有個概念,並且希望可以讓更多人擔心該擔心的,不在無意義的爭吵浪費時間。

 

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Java的泛型——坑、優秀與缺陷

最近一直在寫一個自己的Android程序(https://github.com/renyuneyun/Easer),所以Java用得比較多。又由於我懶,所以總喜歡讓編譯器做更多,於是想到用泛型來解決之前存在的Object滿地飛又滿地強制類型轉換的情況。然而這時候卻發現,泛型只能解決其中一部分問題,另一部分問題依然存在。

於是起意記錄一下自己知道的、用過的以及碰到的東西,以期有人能給出更加的解決方案(或是乾脆直接指出我錯了最好。。。這樣解決起來最簡單)。

 

一般而言,Java的泛型可以讓程序員寫出一些“形式相同,但具體參數類型不同”的代碼。從字面上說,這一機制在許多語言中都有(如C++的模板),但由於各個語言的實現方式和語義取捨不同,導致具體支持的功能千差萬別。

本文主要集中於Java泛型機制中的坑爹之處。爲了介紹坑爹之處,於是也就需要涉及該機制的理解,同時也會簡單涉及其實現部分。當然,其中一些有意義的地方也會順帶提及(在做對比時)。

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Android搞機須知

(應求所作文……其實我更想寫成wiki)

 

雖然看起來每款Android手機都有自己的刷機、root教程,但其實萬變不離其宗,整體上看還是很有規律的。本文從整體上說說Android刷機是什麼、需要做什麼、每個步驟的目的以及效果都是什麼。

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